应用文短文中书信类应用文是考查的重点。从共性来说，大部分书信类应用文体现的交际目的是：交流自己因某事物产生的某种情绪，重在阐述情绪衍生的相应行为。交际功能所传达的内容往往基于几种基础情绪：“欣喜、感动”；“喜欢、感兴趣”；“不喜欢、厌恶”；“困扰、担忧”；“惭愧、悔恨”；“悲伤、同情”。比如：2012 欢迎信考查了基于两种基础情绪的交际目的，即为留学生到来而 “高兴” 的衍生行为 – “欢迎” 和为留学生是否适应新生活而 “担忧” 的衍生行为 ~ “提建议”。以下是交流基础情绪过程中的常见表达。
It is a delight to do something
例：It is a delight to have you as our schoolmates.
很高兴你们成为我们的校友。（适用于 2012 真题）
Undoubtedly, … give(s) me much delight/happiness/gladness/joy.
例：Undoubtedly, your coming gives me much gladness.
毫无疑问，你们的到来让我很高兴。（适用于 2012 真题）
欣喜和感动是人在满足和幸福时所拥有的积极情绪，基于该情绪的常见行为有：“祝贺” ~ 为别人的幸福而高兴，“欢迎” ~ 为他人的到来高兴，以及感激 ~ 为他人曾经给自己的幸福而欣喜、感动。
表达 ”祝贺“ 的句式有
I wish to heartily congratulate you on something / for doing something
例：I wish to heartily congratulate you on your excellent exam results.
I want to express my heartfelt congratulations on something / doing something
例：I want to express my heartfelt congratulations on your wining the prize.
表达 ”欢迎“ 的句式有
On behalf of …, I would like to extend an enthusiastic welcome to you.
例：On behalf of all students, I would like to extend an enthusiastic welcome to you.
我谨代表全体学生，向你们表示热烈欢迎（适用于 2012 真题）
Welcome to …
例：Welcome to China! Knowing that you love travel, I’d like to recommend some of the most celebrated tourist attractions in Beijing.
欢迎来到中国！得知您酷爱旅游，我很乐意为您推荐北京几个最为著名的观光景点。（适用于 2017 真题）
表达 “感激” 的句式有
Thank you very much for your …
例：Thank you very much for your considerable support over the years.
I feel deep gratitude to you for generously sharing your insightful ideas with me.
appreciate the time and efforts you extended on …
例：I appreciate the time and efforts you extended on alleviating my mental sufferings.
I am especially fond of …
例：I am especially fond of movies starring Will Smith.
我特别新欢威尔·史密斯主演的电影。（适用于 2011 真题）
I am intrigued by …
例：I am intrigued by the newly-released film.
我对这部新上映的电影非常感兴趣（适用于 2011 真题）
喜欢或感兴趣的常见衍生行为有：”推荐、邀请“ ~ 将喜欢或感兴趣的事物、活动介绍给朋友；”申请“ ~ 希望获得自己感兴趣的事物。
表达 ”推荐、邀请“ 的句式
I can’t wait to / don’t hesitate to recommend to you …
例：I can’t wait to recommend to you this film.
我忍不住向你推荐这部电影。（适用于 2011 真题）
… is recommendable for its good service.
例：This hotel is recommendable for its good service.
I want to especially / enthusiastically recommend … to you, because …
例：I want to especially recommend this book to you, because it provides insightful guidelines on the life journey.
I would like to invite you to …
例：I would like to invite you to judge our English speech contest from Match 1 to 3.
我想邀请你担任三月一日至三日英语演讲比赛比赛的裁判。（适用于 2013 真题）
I felt strong dislike / loathing as I found …
例：I felt strong dislike as I found the shop the shop owner tried to secretly substitute fake products for qualified ones.
I would like to express my disappointment / dissatisfaction at …
例：I would like to express my dissatisfaction at the overcharged phone bill.
I am extremely annoyed / irritated by …
例：I am extremely annoyed by his poor service.
I am deeply dissatisfied / disappointed with …
例：I am deeply dissatisfied with the product.
I am really annoyed / disappointed that …
例：I am really disappointed that the historical sites in our city are being damaged during the urban construction.
不喜欢或缺乏兴趣的常见衍生行为有：”拒绝“ ~ 因不感兴趣而回绝；”辞职“ ~ 职业兴趣发生转移。厌恶导致的常见行为是投诉和揭露。
表示 ”拒绝“ 的句式如下
I am afraid I have to decline …
例：I am afraid I have to decline your invitation.
… has no attraction for me.
例：This lecture has no attraction for me.
… is not my desire.
例：The book you recommended is not my desire.
表达 ”辞职“ 的句式如下
I am sorry to inform you that I will resign from …
例：I am sorry to inform you that I will resign from the magazine Designs & Fashions.
我很遗憾地通知您我将从 《设计·时尚》 杂志辞职。（适用于 2005 真题）
After careful consideration, I have chosen to hand in my resignation.
仔细考虑后，我选择辞职。（适用于 2005 真题）
Painfully, I have made the decision to quit my job.
满怀痛苦地，我下决心辞职。（适用于 2005 真题）
表示 ”投诉“、”揭露“ 的句式如下
I’m writing to complain about …
例：I’m writing to complain about the broken air-conditioning.
I feel compelled to expose …
例：I feel compelled to expose the ugliness of the food industry.
… can no longer be tolerated.
例：Jumping the queue can no longer be tolerated.
I am tortured by the confusion / anxiety about …
例：I am tortured by the confusion about life and career choice.
I feel considerable concern for
例：I feel considerable concern for overcrowding in school buses.
I particularly worry / I’m particularly confused about …
例：I am really worry about the deterioration of students’ physical condition.
我对学生身体状况下降非常担心。（适用于 2014 真题）
I am really anxious / worried that …
例：I am really anxious that the environment will be severely damaged.
我很担心环境会遭到严重破坏。（适用于 2009 真题）
对某一情形感到忧虑时，人们倾向于对忧虑的情景提出改善建议。提出建议的相关表达将在大作文中具体介绍。对某一情形感到困惑，常见的衍生行为是寻求帮助。表达 ”求助“ 的重点句式有：
Hopefully, you can help me …
例：Hopefully, you can help me solve this problem.
希望你能帮助我解决这个问题。（适用于 2006 真题）
I want to get detailed guide on how to …
例：I want to get detailed guide on how to decide on my career direction.
I am deeply ashamed that …
例：I am deeply ashamed that I have caused you a big trouble.
给你造成了很大的麻烦，我很惭愧。（适用于 2008 真题）
I feel extremely embarrassed / guilty at doing something.
例：I feel extremely embarrassed / guilty at putting you to great inconvenience.
给你造成巨大不便，我非常难堪。（适用于 2008 真题）
I deeply regret doing something / that …
例：I deeply regret that I didn’t follow your advice.
I feel a deep sense of shame / guilt, when I think about …
例：I feel a deep sense of shame, when I think about my rash behavior.
想起我鲁莽的行为，我十分惭愧。（适用于 2008 真题）
I suffer extreme embarrassment at doing something.
例：I suffer extreme embarrassment at uttering such annoying words.
I am consumed with guilt / regret about something.
例：I am consumed with guilt about what I have done.
由惭愧、悔恨的情绪直接导致的行为是道歉。表达 ”道歉“ 的重点句式有
It was really inconsiderate to do something. Please accept my sincere apology.
例：It was really inconsiderate to keep you waiting. Please accept my sincere apology.
I sincerely apologize for …
例：I sincerely apologize for misunderstanding your kindness.
I feel extremely sorry for …, and hope you can forgive me.
例：I feel extremely sorry for making you slip behind schedule and hope you can forgive me.
I am indeed to be blamed for …
例：I am indeed to be blamed for being so impulsive.
I promise that this kind of behavior will never happen again.
我保证这样的行为不会再发生。（适用于 2008 真题）
I was unbearably sad to hear that …
例：I was unbearably sad to hear that your mother died several days ago.
I feel immensely sad / sympathetic about …
例：I feel immensely sympathetic about your encountering a big obstacle in your career.
I am really sad that …
例：I am really sad that your school has been destroyed by the hurricane.
I am full of deep sadness / sympathy at hearing that
例：I am full of deep sadness at hearing that the big earthquake has caused great losses to your city.
I feel great sadness / sorrow / grief at …
例：I feel great sorrow at your unfortunate failure.
I would like to express my sadness / sorrow / grief at
例：I would like to express my grief at your mental torture.
I wish to extend my heartfelt sympathy to you.
表达 ”慰问“ 的句式有
The merciless … has destroyed … . Consolingly … will feel no loneliness in the combat against disaster.
例：The merciless poverty has destroyed her dream to go to school. Consolingly, she will feel no loneliness in the combat against the disaster.
无情的贫困毁了她上学的梦想。令人略觉安慰的是在与灾难斗争的过程中她并不孤单。（适用于 2006 真题）
This must be a difficult time for you to go through but I will not leave you suffering helplessly alone.
My regard and love will accompany you all the time.
表达 ”提供帮助“ 的句式有
I will provide … with … able to help. 例：I will provide her with a financial assistance plan able to help her complete her study.
我将提供给能帮助她完成学业的资助计划。（适用于 2006 真题）
I’m / We are willing to extend my / our hands to help …
例：We are willing to extend our hands to help you recover from the fail.
Hopefully, I will have a chance to help …
例：Hopefully, I will have a chance to help the dropout girl return to school.
希望我有机会帮助这名学女童重返校园。（适用于 2006 真题）
Please allow me to introduce …, the bearer(s) of this letter, who…
例：Please allow me to introduce George, the bearer of this letter, who is the most excellent teacher in our Institute.
Please consider this letter as my formal acceptance.
I would like to book / reserve …
例：I would like to book a table for two in your restaurant tomorrow night.
As you have mentioned, I will …
例：As you have mentioned, I will check in about 13:00 tomorrow.
正如您所说，我将在明天 13 点左右入住。
Please kindly do …
例：Please kindly arrange the meeting.
I would prefer … to be as … as possible.
例：I would prefer seats to be as close to window as possible.
Enclosed is my check / cash of … , as a deposit.
例：Enclosed is my cash of 200 yuan, as a deposit.
附上 200 元现金，作为订金。
Please send me a written confirmation of this reservation by … via the email:
例：Please send me a written confirmation of reservation by March 6 via the email: Liming@yahoo.com.cn.
请在 3 月 6 日之前将这次预定的确认信寄到：Liming@yahoo.com.cn。
If there is anything I need to … for … , please let me know.
例：If there is anything I need to provide for confirmation, Please let me know.
Please pay close attention to this announcement.
请密切关注这个启事。（适用于 2010 真题）
… requires your attention.
例：The spreading virus requires your attention.
Now, there comes an opportunity to … and it is wise for you to take it.
例：Now, there comes an opportunity to work in the internationally famous company and it is wise for you to take it.
What a great chance it is to …! To seize such a marvelous opportunity, you just need to …
例：What a great chance it is to display your talents! To seize such a marvelous opportunity, you just need to send your resume to our office in room 302 of the Teaching Building 5 before Feb. 12, 2010.
多么好的展示才华的机会啊！要抓住这个绝妙机会，你只需于 2010 年 2 月 12 日前将简历寄到我们办公室：5 号教学楼，302 室。（适用于 2010 真题）
Don’t miss the opportunity of … If you want to … please do …
例：Don’t miss the opportunity of having a special Christmas night. If you want to attend our party, please sign up on our website www.ABCedu.com.cn before 15 Dec. 2012.
不要错过拥有特别圣诞夜的机会。如果你想参加我们的聚会，请于 2012 年 12 月 15 日之前在网站 www.ABCedu.com.cn 报名。
… are warmly welcomed to …
例：Students are warmly welcomed to sign up for this course.
I post this notice in the hope that …
例：I post this notice in the hope that students can do as follows to prevent a disease outbreak on our campus.
Hopefully, you / people who … can …
例：Hopefully, you can make good preparations for this approaching exhibition.
You are required / expected to …
例：You are required to complete your papers before May 5, 2012.
要求你们在 2012 年 5 月 5 日前完成论文。
It is a summary for …
例：It is a summary for the meeting held yesterday.
The main ideas / events / decisions deserving to be mentioned are that …
The main ideas deserving to be mentioned are that fresh graduates can hardly have good start salaries and many college graduates choose to rely on parents’ financial support.
We are glad to say that we have succeeded in …
例：We are glad to say that we have succeeded in reaching some agreements.
How to … was not satisfactorily answered.
例：How to study effectively was not satisfactorily answered.
Besides feeling proud of these great accomplishments / this great accomplishment, we should also concede that …
例：Besides feeling proud of this great accomplishment, we should also concede that we have not had obvious competitive advantage.
Improvements / efforts should be made in … in the future.
例：Improvements should be made in handling occasional emergencies in the future.
This idea inspires me to …
例：This idea inspires me to work more diligently.
Personally, I think …
例：Personally, I think young people should be treated as independent individuals.
To find out features of and reasons behind / solutions to … , we conducted a survey on …
例：To find out features of and solutions to white pollution, we conducted a survey on white pollution in daily life.
The survey of … on … suggests that …
例：The survey of 1000 students on attitude towards learning suggests that the majority of students are learning for short-term goals.
… % respondents said / reported that …
例：56% respondents said that they had enormous financial and emotional stress.
These findings indicate that …
例：These findings indicate that college students have little awareness of career planning.
We are going to launch … and detailed plans are as follows.
例：We are going to launch a series of lectures and detailed plans are as follows.
… have / has been scheduled.
例：An academic exhibition has been scheduled.
… are required to take part in / participate in …
例：All members are required to take part in the preparation for the sports meeting.
Other creative thoughts and brilliant ideas about the activity plan will be encouraged.
It is my great honor to give a speech here.
Thank you for giving me the opportunity to stand here.
At first， please allow me, on behalf of the hosts, to express a heartfelt welcome to all of you.
At first, please allow me to express my heartfelt … and my sincere admiration for …
例：At first, please allow me to express my heartfelt congratulations on your graduation and my sincere admiration for the considerable academic progress you have achieved here.
… , the topic today, is interesting and meaningful.
今天的话题 …… 有趣且有意义。
Hopefully, my words can bring some inspiration. Thank you all.