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使役动词是表示使、令、让、帮、叫等意义的不完全及物动词,主要有 leave(离开),get(得到),make(使,令),let(让),have(有;让;从事;允许;拿)等。

1. 用法

使役动词后接宾语,再接动词原型或过去分词作受词补语。

接宾语时,人称代词用宾格。

2. 例句

  1. 使役动词可接动词原型作受词补语。(让某人/某事……)

    He makes me laugh.

    I let him go.

    I helped him repair the car.

    Please have him come here.

  2. 使役动词还可以接过去分词作受词补语。(使某人/某事……)

    I have my hair cut every month.

3. 典型动词

3.1 have

  1. have someone do something(让某人做某事)

    What would you have me do?

    你希望我做些什么?

  2. have somebody/something doing(让某人或某事处于某种状态,听任)

    The two cheats had the light burning all night long.

    两个骗子让灯通宵亮着。

  3. have something done(让别人干某事;使某人遭受……)

    注意:这里的 done 不是主语发出来的。如下

    I have my hair cut.

    让理发师把我头发剪了。

    He had his pocket picked.

    他的钱包被扒了。(扒这个动作不是主语发出的)

3.2 make

  1. make somebody do something(让某人干某事)

    They made me repeat the story.

    他们让我再讲一遍故事。

  2. make somebody/something done/adjective(使某人/某物……)

    You made me laugh.

    你使我笑了。

    The news made him happy.

    这篇新闻让我开心。

3.3 get

有使役意义,但不是使役动词

  1. get somebody to do(让某人干某事)

    I can’t get anyone to do the work properly.

  2. get something done(让别人干某事)

    Can you get the work finished in time?

3.4 leave

  1. leave somebody to do something(让某人干某事)

    We left him to paint the gate.

  2. leave somebody doing(让某人保持某种状态)

    Don’t leave her waiting outside in the rain.

    We left him painting the gate.

  3. leave something done/adjective

    Please excuse me if I have left any of your questions unanswered.

    His illness has left him weak.