Professordeng's Blog

英语动词按其过去式和过去分词的构成方式可分为规则动词和不规则动词。统计规则动词的过去式和过去分词由词尾加 ed 构成,如果结尾有不发音 e,只加 d,而不规则动词的变化因词而异的。

那么如何记住这些不规则动词的变化呢,入门找规律,精通靠重复。这里以 50 个最常用的不规则变化动词为例讲解。

A-A-A

Base Form Past Simple Participle
quit quit quit
read read read

A-B-A

Base Form Past Simple Participle
run ran run
spread spread spread

A-B-B

Base Form Past Simple Participle
build built built
teach taught taught
tell told told
win won won
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
spend spent spent
stand stood stood
buy bought bought
catch caught caught
dream dreamed / dreamt dreamed / dreamt
fight fought fought
hear heard heard
lend lent lent
lose lost lost
pay paid paid
hold held held
lay laid laid
leave left left
say said said
seek sought sought
sell sold sold
send sent sent
shine shone shone
think thought thought

A-B-C

Base Form Past Simple Participle
wear wore worn
write wrote written
sing sang sung
sink sank sunk
steal stole stolen
awake awoke awoken
be was / were been
blow blew blown
choose chose chosen
drink drank drunk
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
fly flew flown
freeze froze frozen
grow grew grown
hide hid hidden
know knew known
ride rode ridden
shake shook shaken
swear swore sworn
swim swam swum